The 2016 referendum on whether or not to stay in the EU got a 52:48 percent result to leave. But, the UK voice was not consistent in that direction: England and Wales voted clearly to leave, while Northern Ireland and Scotland voted decisively to remain. Further analysis of these results and some of the trends were clear and well-known; one is that identification with ‘Englishness’ explains a lot. (Other salient factors included age (younger wanted to remain), educational levels and social class (higher in either tended to want to remain).)